More Than Voting by Greg Poelzer, Bonita Beatty, Loleen Berdahl
If Canada and Aboriginal people are going to find a common political path to dealing with conflict, the myth of the politically disengaged Aboriginal citizen needs to be expunged. This myth has arisen from a narrow measurement of political engagement that focuses solely on low Aboriginal voter turnout rates in federal elections.
A more comprehensive and fairer assessment of Aboriginal political engagement paints a different picture. Policy Options presents a study by Loleen Berdahl, Bonita Beatty, and Greg Poelzer, based on an extensive telephone survey (n = 851, of which 505 respondents were Aboriginal) conducted in November and December of 2010 across the Northern Administration District of Saskatchewan found that Aboriginal people are in fact highly politically and civically engaged.
Specially, the study found the pattern of voting for Aboriginal people is simply opposite to that of non-Aboriginal Canadians. Typically, Canadian participation is highest in federal elections and lowest in municipal elections. In our study, 77% voted in the last band elections; 45% in the last provincial election; and 38% in the last federal election.
- Just under half reported helping organize or supervise activities or events for school, church or other organizations in the past year
- 40% reported volunteering for a band event
- 32% reported serving as a member of a board or committee
- 23% reported contacting a government office about an issue in the past year
- 31% said they had attended a band council meeting
What, then, can explain the lower voter turnout in provincial and, especially, federal elections among a population that is otherwise very political? The researchers believe the answer lies in the degree of affinity to the level of government: the greater the affinity, the higher the election turnout.
The sense of alienation from those levels of government and a perceived lack of efficacy — Aboriginal voters are a small percentage compared with the mainstream — as well as procedural barriers all contributed to lower turnouts.
These low turnout rates matter. While local political and civic engagement adds to the vitality of Aboriginal communities, low federal and provincial turnout rates hinder the ability of Aboriginal peoples to have impact on policy outcomes. For this reason, increasing engagement in the electoral process at the federal and provincial levels is an important goal.
The original article can be found in Policy Options
Please click on the following to access the full article: http://www.usask.ca/icngd/publications/reports/Reports-Files/More-than-voting.pdf
Greg M. Poelzer
Executive Chair, ICNGD and Fulbright Arctic Initiative Scholar
Greg Poelzer is the Founding Director and Executive Chair
of the University of Saskatchewan International Centre for
Northern Governance and Development (ICNGD) and current Fulbright Arctic Initiative scholar. Greg is also the former Dean of Undergraduate Studies at the University of the Arctic and currently leads the UArctic Thematic Network on Northern Governance. His research focuses on comparative politics and policy as it relates to northern regions and to Aboriginal-state relations.